认识彩色钻石
About Fancy Color Diamonds

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  • 黄钻 Yellow Diamond

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    当钻石中的氮原子取代了晶体中的某些碳原子时,钻石因为开始吸收蓝色和紫色光线,便使之呈现黄色。真正的黄钻仅占天然形成钻石的0.1%。黄钻通常呈浅黄色、金黄色、酒黄色或琥珀色,是彩色钻石中最常见的颜色,尤以金黄色最为珍贵稀有。

    When a nitrogen atom in a diamond replaces some of the carbon atoms in the crystal, the diamond appears yellow because it begins to absorb blue and purple light.
    The color scale of a natural colorless diamond is graded from D – Z. However, close to where the colorless scale ends, the fancy color diamond scale begins.

     

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  • 绿钻 Green Diamond

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    绿钻是仅次于红钻的第二稀有的彩色钻石。由于绿色是蓝色和黄色的混合物,因此绿色钻石通常范围从蓝绿色到黄绿色。一些绿钻还可以显示出灰色或棕色调。没有任何其他色调的绿钻极为稀有且价值不菲。

    Fancy green diamonds are the second rarest fancy color diamonds, after red diamonds. Since green is a mixture of blue and yellow, green colored diamonds commonly range from blue-green to yellow-green. Some fancy green diamonds can also display hints of grey or brown as well. Green diamonds that exhibit no traces of other colors are incredibly rare and valuable.

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  • 粉钻 Pink Diamond

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    粉钻的颜色是由晶格发生扭曲导致的。较淡的粉红色或玫瑰色既清新淡雅又不失闪耀华美,因为容易让人联想到浪漫的爱情而备受宠爱。

    Natural Pink diamonds are among the rarest, and at the same time most popular and sought-after natural color diamonds. Pink Diamonds have always been seen among the very rich and famous.

    Unlike other fancy color diamonds, it is unclear what exactly causes pink diamonds to exhibit pink hues. Though the exact cause is still a mystery, some scientists theorize that it is due to an atomic-level lattice defect, which selectively absorbs light and produces a pink hue.

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  • 蓝钻 Blue Diamond

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    蓝钻是在形成过程中含有“硼”微量元素,所以呈现蓝绿或蓝带绿等色。蓝钻一般呈现出天蓝色、蓝色到深蓝色,其中以深蓝色为最佳,深蓝色钻石格外罕见,故为稀世珍品,南非普里米尔矿山是其主要来源。

    There are a variety of elements that give blue diamonds their distinctive tint. The primary element is boron.

    Blue diamonds are by nature among the rarest of natural color diamonds. The demand for fancy blue diamond often exceeds the supply and they are therefore considered excellent investment opportunities.

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  • 紫钻 Purple Diamond

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    紫钻的形成源自钻石晶体塑性变形的结果,钻石内部中含有特别高的氢元素,这些微小粒子起变化所形成的色彩。天然纯净的紫钻非常少见,当紫钻的顏色越浓价格自然也越高。世界上大多数的紫钻来自澳大利亚的阿盖尔矿区,此外在加拿大、俄罗斯与亚马逊等地也曾发现过紫钻的踪跡。

    Rarely found in their pure color, purple diamonds are often formed with a secondary hue of pink or brown. Their color intensity very from light to deep, intense and vivid.

    Purple Diamonds enjoy the same romantic appeal as pinks but with a touch of mystery.

    Over the last few years, the demand for purple diamonds have grown rapidly and have become favored by collectors.

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  • 红钻 Red Diamond

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    在所有彩色钻石中,属纯红色钻石最为罕见,甚至很多专业从事珠宝行业的资深人员都无缘得见。红钻颜色成因就连研究钻石数十年、拥有最精密仪器设备的GIA研究人员也无法完全确定它们的颜色成因。有一种说法认为,因原子滑动(沿八面体方向轻微移动)而导致的原子结构缺陷是形成颜色的主要原因。

    Natural Red diamonds are the rarest & the most expensive of all natural color diamonds.

    Fancy Red diamonds can be found in one pure color or with secondary hue & tones, which include Purplish, Brownish, and Orangey.

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  • 橘钻 Orange Diamond

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    钻石中氮的存在是橙色的主要来源,就像黄色宝石一样。橙色钻石和黄色钻石之间的区别在于,在钻石形成过程中如何将氮原子分组。这种被称为超特异的排列吸收了蓝色和黄色的光线,从而产生了橙色。

    The presence of nitrogen within the diamond is the main source of the orange color, just as it is for yellow stones.

    The difference between orange and yellow diamonds is how the nitrogen atoms are grouped during the diamond’s formation. The arrangement, which is called hyper-specific, absorbs hints of blue and yellow light, thus creating an orange color.

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  • 黑钻 Black Diamond

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    黑钻石的颜色被认为是由石墨引起的。黑钻石有很多内含物-会影响宝石外观的小瑕疵。如此大量的内含物足以改变珠宝中使用的黑钻石的颜色。
    黑色钻石基本上充满了内含物,以至于将整个石材涂成黑色-足以引起类似宝石的外观。

    The color of black diamonds is believed to be caused by graphite. Black diamonds have a huge number of inclusions — small blemishes that affect a gemstone’s appearance.

    This large number of inclusions is enough to change the color of black diamonds used in jewelry.

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  • 变色龙 Chameleon Diamond

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    在正常情况下,变色龙钻石的颜色通常为灰黄黄绿色至灰绿黄。但是,当加热到150°C(302华氏度)或长时间在黑暗中存放后暴露于光线下时,就会发生明显的颜色变化。变色龙钻石暂时变成深褐色或橘黄色到黄色。
    这些特殊颜色的钻石中的一些在暴露于紫外线灯仅60秒后已显示出超过15分钟的颜色变化。一些光源在关闭光源后最多会发出黄色光或发出磷光。

    Under normal conditions, the color of chameleon diamonds is typically grayish yellowish green to grayish greenish yellow. But, when heated up to 150° C (302° Fahrenheit) — or exposed to light after prolonged storage in the dark — a remarkable color change happens. Chameleon diamonds temporarily turn an intense brownish or orangy yellow to yellow color.

    Some of these extraordinary colored diamonds have displayed color change for more than 15 minutes after being exposed to an ultraviolet lamp for just 60 seconds. Some emit a yellow glow, or phosphoresce, for up to an hour after the light source is turned off.

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  • 紫罗兰 Violet Diamond

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    紫罗兰钻极为稀有,属于紫钻家族。这种颜色被认为是蓝色和紫色钻石的组合。
    紫罗兰钻产自西澳大利亚的Argyle矿。其颜色的形成与氢有关,但人们仍未确切知晓其颜色的形成,是一种十分神秘的钻石。紫罗兰钻的尺寸通常较小,而你甚至很难买到1克拉以上的紫罗兰钻石。

    Violet diamonds are extremely rare and belong to the purple diamond family. The colour is recognised as a combination of blue and purple diamonds.

    Thay come from the Argyle Mine in Western Australia.The formation of these colour is related to Hydrogen, but the exact colour formation is relatively unknown, adding to their mystery. Violet diamonds are usually smaller in size. What’s more, it is extremely hard to buy violet diamonds which is above 1 carat.

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  • 棕钻 Brown Diamond

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    棕钻的形成是源自钻石经由地球表面下的高温和高压导致晶格变形时,形成棕色。这种变形使钻石吸收了朝向蓝色光谱的连续波长,因此产生了棕色。
    越来越多人关注这种独特的中性色调与金色色调的结合,从微妙的香槟酒到干邑白兰地,这些独特的钻石正燃起星星之火。

    The brown colour is formed when heat and pressure under the earth’s surface causes the crystal lattice to distort. This distortion causes the diamonds to absorb a continuum of wavelengths towards the blue spectrum and therefore producing a brown colour.

    More and more people pay attention on these brown diamonds.The neutral and golden tones of brown diamonds make them a contemporary and fashionable choice. From subtle champagnes to deep cognacs, these unique diamonds continue to be on the rise.

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  • 彩白钻 White Diamond

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    彩白钻即天然花式白色钻石,是最美丽的不透明白色钻石。这种钻石其实是彩色钻石的自然现象,具有强烈的白色面朝上色。彩白钻的颜色形成实际上是钻石中存在的亚微观内含物使穿透钻石的光线发生散射,从而产生透明的“乳”白色正面外观。
    这些钻石通常被称为“乳白色”,因为它们的分散看起来有点像蛋白石的颜色。这些钻石非常罕见,与粉红色或某些蓝色一样罕见,但通常不是很吸引人,而且便宜得多。这些宝石通常是非常富氢的钻石(纯LaB型)。

    Natural Fancy White diamonds are beautiful opaque white colored diamonds. In fact, fancy white diamonds are the natural phenomenon of color diamonds that display a strong white face-up color.

    White diamonds are also sometimes described as “opalescent,” because of the flashes of color that can be seen when viewing the diamond face-up. In some cases, white diamonds are reminiscent of a white opal with weak play-of-color.These diamonds are very rare, as rare as pinks or certain blues, but normally not very attractive and much, much cheaper. The stones are usually very hydrogen rich diamonds (pure type laB).

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  • 灰钻 Gray Diamond

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    与所有彩色钻石一样,天然灰色钻石的颜色来自在地球下钻石形成过程中包含的外来元素。在这种情况下,灰色是由氢引起的,尽管它也可能是由硼引起的。无论如何,这些钻石具有各种不同的色调和色调,这就是它们的独特颜色。

    Natural gray diamonds, like all color diamonds, get their color from the inclusion of foreign elements during the diamond's formation under the Earth. In this case, the gray color is caused by the inclusion of hydrogen, although it may also be caused by boron.

    Regardless, these diamonds come in a variety of different shades and hues, which is what gives them their very unique color. Gray diamonds are sometimes called charcoal gray, steel, slate, silver and pigeon and have few intensities.

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